The adductor muscles are situated on the inside of the groin. You may have a noticeable bruise and swelling over the affected area. It may take you a few weeks to be able to walk around as normal and it may take even longer for you to go back to sports. But it’s worth doing a gentle warm-up to prepare your body for activity. emedicine.medscape.com, Updated March 2018, Physiotherapy and football injuries. Use the correct technique when you lift heavy loads. You can usually tell right away, just by the sensations. You may lose all strength in your muscle so you can’t use it – if it’s a leg muscle, you probably won’t be able to walk on it. National Institutes of Healthhttp://www.niams.nih.gov/, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Symptoms of Calf Muscle Strain. Leg Muscle Tear or Injury can also be called as Leg Muscle Strain.Leg Muscle Tear or Injury normally occurs when the muscles are overused resulting in muscle fatiguing or improper use of the muscles. Take our physical activity quiz and test your knowledge about the importance of staying active. An ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of the inside of your body and an MRI scan uses magnets and radio waves. Calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle at the back of the lower leg becomes damaged or inflamed due to excessive strain or force being placed on the calf muscle. When a muscle is stretched, small micro tears occur in the muscle fibers. Medscape. A Leg Muscle Tear or Injury is said to occur whenever the leg muscle gets over-stretched or overused beyond its actual capacity. A strain is an injury to a muscle and/or tendon. 0345 600 4622^, edcdac98-b850-49df-a158-b0dc4d701bce-CBE3, Talk to a travel expert You hear or feel a pop in your leg muscle at the time of injury, You have severe pain, swelling or discoloration in the injured muscle, Your injured leg is obviously weak compared to your uninjured leg, You have milder leg symptoms that do not improve after 48 hours. What is calf muscle strain? Activities that can increase the risk of muscle strain include athletic activity in sports, with sudden acceleration or deceleration, throwing, quick and/or heavy lifting, sudden coughing, or injury of muscle while performing irregular work tasks. The leg, hip or stifle may appear swollen, tender and inflamed. Exert reviewer Declan Leonard, Physiotherapist 2 Calf strains (which most commonly occur in the gastrocnemius muscle) may be minor or very severe. A groin strain is a muscle injury that can be painful and needs time to heal. You may be more prone to hurting that muscle again in the first four to six weeks, so you’ll need to take extra care. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090297, Woods K, Bishop P, Jones E. Warm-up and stretching in the prevention of muscular injury. If you feel it you need to take care of the causes of this hard pain. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Optimal Loading. 4. 0330 134 5502 ^, d8c4b639-4a1b-480d-b0cf-ebc3fc101012-8E48, View our suite of services including NHS and private care, View all the latest news from Bupa Dental Care, Find out how we can help you in an emergency, Tips and advice on supporting your child’s dental health, Refer your patient to us for specific treatments, A selection of questions and answers that we’ve already helped our customers with, 930caa6a-9a2d-4347-966e-a9b6d8a385ec-73E2. PatientPlus. To heal a muscle strain, use a tensor bandage to compress it lightly. Ideally, you should do a dynamic warm-up, which focusses on moving your muscles through their full range of motion for the activity that you’re about to do. What is a thigh strain? In mild cases, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn, and the muscle … Local muscle swelling, black and blue discoloration or both, Either a decrease in muscle strength or (in a Grade III strain) a complete loss of muscle function, A pop in the muscle at the time of injury, A gap, dent or other defect in the normal outline of the muscle (Grade III strain). lead with your good leg when going upstairs to reduce the strain on your hip; lead with your problem leg when going downstairs to reduce the strain on your hip; use a handrail (if available) when going up and downstairs; Pain treatments. The doctor also will ask about your symptoms, especially any decreased muscle strength or difficulty walking. Eccentric exercise: mechanisms and effects when used as training regime or training adjunct. Grade two strains can also vary from milder strains to more sever ones. Compress The Injury Lightly NovyCas. Pain usually increases when you move the muscle, but it is relieved by rest. Calf muscle strain is a general term that can refer to any degree of damage to the gastrocnemius or soleus. Uncover more muscle strain home treatments now. DOI: 10.2165/00007256-200737120-00006. The thigh has three sets of strong muscles: the hamstring muscles in the back of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles in the front, and the adductor muscles on the inside. In the leg, muscle strains happen when a muscle is either stretched beyond its limits or forced into extreme contraction. Leg Cramp vs. Medscape. csm.mhmedical.com, accessed May 2019, Personal communication, Declan Leonard, Physiotherapist, August 2019, Sports injuries: Acute (muscle strain). 0800 00 10 22 ^, 1fa1429a-0642-4d8f-aa89-8eb206c6e043-8B26, Reviewed by experts, written in plain English, Over 300 articles, from our health experts, to help you live a longer, healthier, happier life, With more and more of us touched by dementia, getting the right information is essential, If you've injured your knee or have a long-term knee problem, we can help you find the information and support you need, Information to help you during your cancer journey, Info and advice to help yours and your colleagues workplace mental health, Expert reviewer, Declan Leonard, Physiotherapist A strain is a tear in the muscle and can range in severity, from a very small tear to a complete rupture. Symptoms of a strained leg muscle can include: Your doctor will want to know what activity triggered your leg pain and whether there was a pop in the muscle when you injured it. csm.mhmedical.com, accessed May 2019, Burgess W. Training programming and prescription. You’ll probably need to see a physiotherapist after your surgery to get back to normal. This method temporarily reduces blood flow to the trigger point, reducing your pain and relaxing the muscle. Alternatives to ibuprofen or naproxen include pain killers, such as acetaminophen. 5. Your dog might whimper in pain when you touch the tender area; this is a sign that something is wrong. Use an … Leaving your company health insurance scheme? A muscle strain is a stretch or tear of muscle fibers. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. PatientPlus. Acetaminophen can reduce pain and increase range of motion but may not reduce inflammation. emedicine.medscape.com, updated September 2015, Vogt M, Hoppeler HH. Muscle pain and tenderness, especially after an activity that stretches or violently contracts the muscle. PRICE needs updating, should we call the POLICE? Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. The information contained on this page and in any third party websites referred to on this page is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice nor is it intended to be for medical diagnosis or treatment. Is it a leg cramp or a muscle tear 1? To allow the injured muscle to heal, you may need to wear a brace or cast for a number of weeks. Warm up before participating in sports and activities. Pulled calf muscle. They’ll also ask how you hurt yourself. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals and deemed accurate on the date of review. You shouldn’t take these straightaway as they may delay healing. patient.info, last edited November 2018, First aid in general practice. To prevent muscle strains, take care when you exercise. Dry needling is a technique used to decrease pain caused by muscle strain. It can happen if you overstretch your muscle or you put too much force on it. The longer your symptoms last, the worse your injury is likely to be. There are two muscles that combine to form the calf. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. These muscles take in a lot of tension and sometimes the contractions could be too much for the muscles hence causing a strain. Most muscle pulls occur from either lifting too much weight, doing something too often (repetition), moving awkwardly or experiencing trauma (car accident, sports injury). If so, you probably don’t need to see a healthcare professional and you can manage your symptoms at home yourself. This usually occurs as a result of fatigue, overuse, or improper use of a muscle. You’ll probably lose some strength in the muscle too, stopping you from carrying on with your usual activities. Rest the injured muscle (take a temporary break from sports activities). For immediate self-care of a muscle strain, try the R.I.C.E. You may feel a popping sensation when you hurt your muscle. Generally, the muscle or tendon overstretches and partially tears, under more physical stress than it can withstand, often from a sudden increase in duration, intensity, or frequency of an activity. Leg Muscle Tear or Injury normally occurs when the muscles are overused resulting in muscle fatiguing or improper use of the muscles. A severe muscle strain can result in a muscle tear. In most cases, symptoms are either totally gone, or very much improved, within 8 to 10 weeks. There are lots of different ways to access physiotherapy – you may be able to refer yourself directly. patient.info, last edited February 2017, Medial gastrocnemius strain. Grade II strains may take two to three months. See our section: Grading of muscle strain, below for more information. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition. A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon — the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. Cool down properly afterwards – gradually decrease your activity levels until your breathing and heart rate return to normal. http://www.nata.org/, American Physical Therapy Association www.csp.org.uk, accessed June 2019, Find a physio. When a muscle is over-strained, the muscle fibers can tear. These are called the gastrocnemius, which is the big muscle at the back of the lower leg and the soleus muscle, which is a smaller muscle lower down in the leg. A muscle strain will generally require medical assistance. 2. The first warning sign of strains or sprains may be that your dog starts to limp or is suddenly lame, meaning they can’t use their leg. Alternative methods are also used to treat trigger point pain. A pulled calf muscle refers to strains within the two muscles in the lower back of your leg that make up your calf. Call our Customer Care Team on Almost anyone can put undue tension on muscles during the course of normal daily activities, with sudden, quick heavy lifting, during sports, or while performing work tasks. If you've injured your knee or have a long-term problem, our Bupa Knee Clinic can help you find the information and support you need. Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage. Ice. It can take 4-12 weeks before you are fit to run again. Next review due August 2022. We find out more about how groin strains can happen, their symptoms, and how long a person can expect recovery to take. To help prevent muscle strains: 1. For more details on how we produce our content and its sources, visit the 'About our health information' section. Bupa is not responsible for the content or availability of these third party websites. As pain gradually subsides, your doctor may recommend a rehabilitation program to restore the normal range of motion in your leg and to gradually strengthen the injured muscle. If you’re going to do any static stretches, it’s important to get professional advice first. Because the leg has many different muscles, it is vulnerable to several different types of muscle strains. A muscle strain is a stretch or tear of muscle fibers. Stretching may help to make your muscles more flexible, but it depends on which type of stretching you do – and when. You’re most likely to have a muscle strain: Muscle strain symptoms vary, depending on how bad your injury is, but may include: Your symptoms should ease in a few days. One exception is a Grade III plantaris strain, which usually is treated without surgery. 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