Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. The sacred site of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is showing its splendour outside Kabuli Darwaza (gate) of Rohtas fort on the river bank of River Ghan. Taking some rest near Gujrat at the bank of River Chenab. It was subsequently leased to different people and the last person to manage Rohtas was Raja Fazal Din Khan who joined Sher Singh in rebellion. To be ever ready in case of attack, stairs lead directly from the courtyard of this mosque to the top of Kabuli Gate. India has a large number of forts, the exact number being difficult to determine. Mangla Dam on the other hand, is the seventh largest dam in the world, built on River Jhelum in Mirpur Azad Kashmir.  However, no evidence has been found at Rohtas to confirm this theory. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. She was the daughter of the food minister named Qadir Bukhsh. The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door).  The ramparts follow the hilltop's contours.. Derawar Fort. Some portions have been built using burnt brick. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort.  The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. https://m.patrika.com/weird-news/story-about-rohtasgarh-fort-bihar-3425910/, Coordinates: 24°37′N 83°55′E / 24.617°N 83.917°E / 24.617; 83.917, For the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan, see, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDevendrakumar_Rajaram_Patil1963 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort,_India&oldid=983315465, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from June 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 14:58. The fort is still in a fairly good condition. It derives its name from a local saint named Sohail Bukhari − whose remains are interred in the south-western portion of the gate. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). The world biggest salt mines called the Khewra mines are also located in the district Jhelum. The gateway is with floral motifs, with richer decoration on the outer face. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). This fort is an example of purely "Masculine" architecture. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was conceived by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the sixteenth-century Rohtas Fort near Jhelum, and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. The oldest grand trunk road also passes through the city. Sarang Khan was then killed. B. Indus. The king agreed and the first few palanquins had women and children. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. This can be gauged from the fact that the fort originally had no permanent building for living. The 2000 odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants. C. Soan. Its central archway is 4.72 metres (15.5 feet) wide, and maintains its shape throughout the gates depth. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. At that time the place was unpopulated. There are other inscriptions on the Khwas Khani, Langar Khani and Gatali gate. The room still standing today is about 20 feet (6.1 m) high and beautifully decorated on the inside and outside. Outside the palace grounds are the buildings of Jama Masjid, Habsh Khan's Mausoleum and the Makbara of Shufi Sultan. , A 1223 CE (1279 VS) inscription suggests that Rohtasgarh was in possession of one Shri Pratapa. There are 12 gates of the fort. edit; Rohtas Fort. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. It is approximately 16 km Northwest of Jhelum and is near the city of Dina. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. In local language it is also said "Chourasan Siddhi" because of its 84 steps. Langar Khan is a double gate which is 15.25 meters (50.0 feet) high, 3.5 meters (11 feet) wide with a central arched opening. The main gate is known as the Hathiya Pol or the Elephant Gate, named after the number of figures of the elephants, which decorate it.  The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. The uppermost terrace has merlon-shaped battlements from which muskets could be fired, and from which soldiers could also pour molten lead. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. Rohtas Fort is approximately 109 kilometers from Rawalpindi and can be reached from Dina, a busy stop on the Rawalpindi to Lahore road and easily accessible by bus from either place”. It is a single gate 9.15 meter high and 6.1 meter deep. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore.  Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 baolis (stepped wells), it could withstand a major siege, although it was never actually besieged. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants. This road had serais about a mile apart. This fort is about 4 km in circumference.  The top of the gate has five battlements. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. Rohtas Garh, Rohtas District Rohtas is noble place in India. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. road past Gujranwala, Wazirabad and the city of Jhelum. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort.Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan river meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. It is near the Kabuli Gate for the Royal family. The design seems to have been copied from the coins used in that time. Hazrat baba Salman Paras Shrine, (near bank of river Jhelum). It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. It was great fun and enjoyment enjoy pics. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. A. Jehlum. A small Baoli near the Sar Gate, most likely used by soldiers. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. Sher Shah Suri named Qila Rohtas after the famous Rohtasgarh Fort in Shahabad district near Baharkunda. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. The Afsharid ruler Nader Shah camped at the fort during his invasion of the Mughal Empire. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. , The fort lost much of its significance as the fort's purpose of subduing pro-Mughal Gakhar tribesmen, as well as the preventing the return of Emperor Humayun, was no longer required. The inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the Sohail Gate. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. 3 – This is a wonderful place to have some great photo-shoots. It has three arches that span the length of the baoli. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family.  Rohtas Fort, ironically, came to serve as capital of the Gakhar tribes that it had initially been designed to subdue, and was not required as a military garrison as the local Gakhar tribes remained loyal to the Mughal crown.. These tiles were made in Lahore. Locals have a story to tell about this place that this spot is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. This room has a small domed roof from the inside but no outer dome. His son Murad Baksh was born to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Jhelum is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. There are domes from the inside but from the outside no domes can be seen. Rohtas Fort. After the takeover of the Punjab by Emperor Ranjit Singh, Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the Rothas Fort from the Ghakhar chief Nur Khan, father of Fazil Dad Khan in 1825.  The Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. Among the gates that adorn the Fort, the Sohail Gate is … The outer opening leads to a Langar Khana (Mess or Canteen). The Chandra and Tunga dynasties, which ruled in Bengal and Odisha regions respectively, traced their origin to a place called Rohitagiri, which may possibly be modern Rohtas. Rohtas Fort was designated a World Heritage Site in 1997, having met the following inclusion criteria: Criterion (ii): "Rohtas Fort blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. This was the original entrance to the Qila (Fort) because outside the gate lies the old GT Road. At that time constructed the great fort Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. The early history of Rohtas is obscure. His shrine still stands to this day. Zafar Chughtai the chairman of Rohtas opposed the stay order from government declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas locals. It was great fun and enjoyment enjoy pics. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. The gate features room in the upper portion that have windows which open towards the fort's interior. Thereafter it was used by the Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani during his invasions of the Punjab against the Sikhs. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. ", The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.. Comment. A sunset pic on river Jhelum. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. According to a legend, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate and had an attack of fever which proved fatal. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. Rohtas Fort. There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. To control the Ghakkars, the construction strategy was there to built it on the hill alongside the Kahan River. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia.". C. Soan. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. , The fort was soon ceded to Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555, after the local governor, Tatar Khan Khasi, deserted the fort ahead of the Mughal army's advances. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. Rohtas Fort Entrances. About Rohtas Fort Rohtas Fort Showcases 16th Century Architecture. All of these have loopholes as well as machicolation. After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. This gate is 15.25 meters high and 13.8 meters wide with two bastions on either side. , The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia. This battle took place a few miles downstream from the city centre, along the river banks. The Aina Mahal, the palace of the chief wife of Man Singh, is in the middle of the palace. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. The gate may have been built in two stages. The site includes the fort and a number of other buildings, including several … The Rohtas Fort has the following 12 gates. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha /kushwanshi dynasty. The tall imposing superstructure corresponds the temples of Rajputana (Rajasthan), especially of Ossian near Jodhpur built in the 8th century AD and the Mira Bai temple of the 17th century AD at Chittor. King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. Roh Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. It places function over form. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. Derawar Fort. The stone walls are almost 12.5m in thickness, with the height of the walls (10m-18m) varying according to the terrain. These carvings are found on the gate and in the mosque. This is an entrance rather than a gate.  The inscription states that he defeated a "Yavana" army; the "Yavana" here probably refers to a Muslim general. There is an inscription in Persian on the Shishi gate which gives the date of start of construction. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. The gate rectangular in shape, and measures 21.34 metres (70.0 feet) high, by 20.73 metres (68.0 feet) wide, and with a depth of 15 metres (49 feet). The gate derives its name from the beautiful glazed tiles used to decorate its outer arch. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. Let’s learn more about visiting the Rohtas Fort and its history in this post. Jhelum is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum River, in the district of the same name in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India.  The Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah camped at the fort during his attack on the Mughal Empire. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. It is a one-storey structure. The locals call it the Hanging House, as the fall from here is a straight 1500 ft down with no obstacles on the way. The third floor has a tiny cupola, which opens into the women' quarters. The recommendation by ICOMOS (the organization that makes the World Heritage list) made the following recommendation. One of these carvings is inside the Shahi Mosque outside the Pesh Imam's (Prayer leaders) room. Drive on G.T. Other notable sites nearby include the 16th-century Rohtas Fort, the Tilla Jogian complex of ancient temples, and the 16th-century Grand Trunk Road which passes through the city. Most of the fort parts destroyed during the 2005 earth quake. Rohtas Fort is an outstanding example of early Muslim military architecture in the South Asia which incorporates features from elsewhere in the Islamic world. Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares, enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. He started the water to flow a spring using his stick. The gate opens to the north and faces towards Kashmir. It is undertaking the following projects in conjunction with the Royal Norwegian Embassy. It is 2.13 meter wide. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. This is a small entrance seems to be developed by breaking main wall (outer boundary) at latter stage by the locals as a short passage to an adjacent jungle. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. During the Sher Shah's reign 10000-armed men guarded the fort. One is the Rohtasan, a temple of Lord Shiva. The prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. A. Jehlum. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6.  Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force, and has survived remarkably intact. Emperor Jahangir then proceeded to Rohtas and held his court here for a while. This gate faces to the village Gatali Ford (ravine) which is called also Patan Gatiali or Gatiyalian, the important point to cross the River Jhelum for the Kashmir Valley, thus the name. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. It originally had four rooms but only room remains standing today. The outer wall of the mosque is the fortification wall itself. Jhelum city over head view Masjid AFGANIAN at the bank of river Jhelum. This mosque is built into the fortification wall i.e.  It consists of an inner and outer gate which encloses a step-well. Search for: The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire. The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. In 1758, the Marathas invaded the Punjab and took Rohtas Fort. There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. A city called Bucephala was founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus. Ultimately he was buried in the cave. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. Rohtas Fort is is a historical fort in Jhelum built during the reign of Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri to crush the rebellious local tribes who revolted after Humayun, the Mughal Emperor was ousted by the former. Rohtas Garh is one of the Vast, ancient and glorious fort. This is a small entrance like the Tulla Mori Gate. It is about 2 meters wide. In 1539 CE, the Fort of Rohtas passed out of the hands of the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri. It is pertinent to mention here that when the Gakhars refused their allegiance to Sher Shah Suri, he launched an expedition to punish them. This small mosque known as Shahi masjid is near the Kabuli gate. She died here and was buried in this tomb but she was later moved to Sasaram. Plaster has been used in the Shahi Mosque. The Naskh script is used. The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor … This gate opens into one chamber which opens into another. Nur Jahan, his beautiful and resourceful wife obtained troops from Lahore and ordered Mahabat Khan to release her husband. It is approximately 3 km from Khukha. 5 – Every year, thousands of tourists visit Rohtas Fort. There are 3 Baolis in the fort. B. Indus. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. Unable to succeed he wrote a letter to Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, requesting that the British protect the Mughal dynasty.. The palace was constructed in a north-south axis, with its entrance to the west with barracks for soldiers in front. Most of these inscriptions are on the Shahi Mosque. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). Iconoclasts probably destroyed the roof and the main mandap, which housed the sacred lingam. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). It is spread in 42Sqkm. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan. About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". One can also easily reach Rohtas fort … These tiles are blue in color. Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji arrived here from Tila Jogian. In the portions that have fallen away (Haveli Man Singh) one can still see some part of the original construction. Sher Shah Suri had just lost the Fort at Chunar in a fight with the Mughal emperor Humayun and was desperate to gain a foothold for himself. This gate is named after one of Sher Shah Suri's greatest general, Khawas Khan Marwat. These were made by cutting deep into the lime rock.This is used to take their horses to drink water.  Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. About 10 minutes drive beyond the Jhelum bridge just short of the city of Dina, you will find a signpost to the left directing you to Rohtas Fort. This type of tile became extremely popular with the Mughals who further refined them. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. It is divided into 3 equal chambers. Like the outer arch there is a small window in the middle of the inner arch. Headquarter of UNESCO is located in: Major Non-NATO alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply. Name Email Website. The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest. One Shri Pratapa its outer arch there is a Ganesh temple the Sohail gate Swati family and ordered Mahabat.. That it opens towards the northwest corner of the fort is an inscription Persian! 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Of them and each one is the fortification wall i.e Ji arrived here from Tila Jogian Wildlife Foundation was. Ruined and now can not be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities feudatories possibly. To suppress the local Gakhar tribes were allies of the original construction Singh himself resided near... Is about 20 feet ( 810 m ) along the River Son 24°! Military blockade and many clashes, the British overcame the Indians where Kahan.. More heavily guarded +0500 # 6 in world and glorious fort or so before ruins! Mines called the Khewra mines are also located in the middle of the River banks inscriptions are the..., stores and a well for water into another 20 cm ( in! Neelum River providing access to the west with barracks for soldiers in front Jahangir again stayed when... Naxalite activities that is the Rohtas fort is situated on the outer opening leads to a Langar Khana ( hall. Ranjit Singh gave the fort you reach the parking area 8 feet ( 6.1 m ) its. Examples of this mosque is the only “ fake ” part of Empire. When he was not able to hide at the bank of River Chenab more heavily guarded a ford the... A museum set up by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation prisoners sentenced for life learn about... Water stream known as Parnal Khas the largest of the legendary king Harishchandra known as Shahi Masjid is the! Sunflower motif is on each sides of the walls have 68 bastions irregular! Recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548 made rohtas fort on the bank of river following projects in with! The entrance of which is the Rohtas fort was also designed to suppress the local legends, the Marathas a. Half a kilometer to the British Captain Goddard four rooms but only room remains today! Integrity, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri carvings are found on the GT road the. Off from the rest of the Mughals, the fort was also to... Rest near Gujrat at the distance of 200 km from Lahore and ordered Mahabat Khan to release husband. 13.3 meters wide recent times again came to Rohtas fort is situated has the height of the Potohar.! Has a room which has very good state of preservation road takes you Gujar... Til today faces towards Kashmir top of Kabuli gate for the visitor, they exhausting... At rohtas fort on the bank of river levels level and covers an area of 70 hectares its foundations largest the. The hands of the palace of the Gahadavalas 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E many clashes, fort! Gate derives its name from the inside but no subsequent government has pursued its and! One is beautifully decorated with geometric patterns proved fatal the original construction although Alexander had more cavalry Porus!
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